Chinese language is a new territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 words. Not only that, Chinese is one more tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, many years . unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available unfavorable PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or possible. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Last tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, are usually many similar sounds with different meanings. As a few fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it isn’t always possible to guess the pronunciation of a mother nature herself. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, which is composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation simply can’t be related, the concise explaination the characters can potentially. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings are not necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the same manner as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds because u with an umlaut () that sounds like a mix of I and u. Like as much as possible unfamiliar, it can cause uncertainty and fright. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the initial step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language accomplishments.
The Strategies Once Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted a research amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Truly learners and uncovered interesting results could be help future learners in forming an effective study tactic. Her study revolves around the most used Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing within the Chinese character types.
The study finds that among very best twenty most important used strategies, eight from them are dealing with when a personality is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the type is implemented in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the character.
7. Listening to the explanation of the character.
8. Associating the character with previously learned nature.
The next six strategies are familiar with increase learners’ understanding belonging to the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding a similar.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if the new character already been used above.
12. Finding out how to say hi in chinese they are used in conversation.
13. Utilizing the character in sentences orally.
14. Asking how the could double in words.
However, learning strategies start to diminish beyond those two learning stages. There are only three strategies played with memorising newly learned nature herself.
15. Saying and writing the character at one time.
16. Saying and picturing the character in consideration.
17. Due to sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And nevertheless only one strategy applied in practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed along with two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many times.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are simply to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the characters. Normal strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making connection to a similar character
Saying and writing the type repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of how they learned from what they read, 26% from whatever hear, and 30% from what they see. While studying modes are combined, a considerable improvement to learn retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students repeat the materials are generally learning, and learning retention is at the highest at 90% when students the materials built learning as they quite do something. Simply reading the characters aren’t enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, make a connection that isn’t characters to create them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study means that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces understanding the concepts of. One way work with this can be using an app for example The Intelligent Flashcards. Amounts . flashcard app is designed for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient to review characters based on chapters. Not necessarily does it show stroke order animation, it one other accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app the more convenient that another app regarding example Anki. With Anki, although user can also add personal notes on it, the sound file isn’t available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning answer to incorporate is observing how a characters tend to be in perspective. This can do by observing real-life conversations to grow the textbook and audio files conversation. It is interesting to make note of that university students studied in the abovementioned research were reluctant to adopt the educational strategies recommended by the instructors, such as watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese movies. There could be many causes this. Design and style of the shows or songs could not appeal to your learners.
Regarding this program is not quite as convenient. And even if the shows could be accessed online, rarely are they subtitled in both Chinese and English which makes the shows more useful to beginner learners in acquiring the language. Also, most on the very popular Chinese Television fall into the historical genre, which is a favourite on the list of Chinese, with regard to The Empress of Cina. However, the language spoken in this particular type of TV show is much more complex towards the contemporary spoken Chinese.